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© Rakhesh Sasidharan

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MCS choices (RAM cache & Disk cache)

Just a reminder to myself …

When creating a Desktop based Machine Catalog here are my choices:

If I choose Random then I get the option to allocate some of my RAM towards a cache, and also create a disk cache. RAM cache means all data is written to RAM first and then to disk as RAM fills up. And disk cache is like the Write Cache disk in PVS – you can specify a separate disk (maybe local to the host, or SSD storage) where data is written to.

Important to keep in mind here that the actual VM disk will not have any data written to it. All data writes either goes to the RAM cache or Disk cache. First RAM cache, then Disk cache. Both are optional; best to have both (or at least don’t do RAM cache only unless you have oodles or RAM!).

Read this post – it’s a good one. Also, check out the official post from Citrix introducing this feature in XenDesktop 7.9. MCS (Machine Creation Services) that makes use of RAM or Disk cache is known as MCSIO (Machine Creation Services Storage Optimization (beats me how that acronym works! :p)).

MCS VMs have two disks apart from the OS base disk – an identity disk and a delta disk. MCSIO VMs too have the identity disk and delta disk, but the delta disk is only used for maintenance tasks. Hence my comment above that when using either of these cache options, the size you allocate for these is your write cache/ delta disk. 

If I choose static I have three further options. 

If I go with static + save changes to a personal vDisk, I don’t get the option for cache disk etc. I can only choose my vDisk letter and size. 

 If I go with static + create a dedicated VM, again I don’t get any option for cache disk; I can only choose the copy mode (i.e. a linked clone or a full clone). 

If I go with static + discard all changes, then I get the option for cache disk and RAM allocation towards cache. Basically, static + discard is similar to random. You are not storing any changes, so it makes sense to use cache (RAM and/ or write cache). 

In the case of Server OS, I don’t have any choices (it’s always random) and I get the option for cache disk and RAM allocation.

MCSIO is only for non-persistent experiences.